American Horse was a prominent Oglala Sioux chief who was married to Red Cloud’s daughter. Part of
my inspiration for this sculpture was his famous top hat which at the time was the ultimate symbol of
white man power. He received this as a delegate during a trip to Washington in the early 1890’s. During
this trip, American Horse was also gifted a Benjamin Harris Peace Medal. The hat was later decorated by
the wife of American Horse using eagle feathers, a cavalry helmet eagle plate and an American flag. This
hat is on display at the Smithsonian Museum of the Indian in Washington DC.